Narcotics and the Human Trafficking Problem in Belize


Central America has long been recognized as a common transit zone for both human trafficking and narcotics trafficking. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration’s National Drug Threat Assessment Report, Central America and Mexico form the main corridor for South American drugs heading to the U.S. market. The majority of cocaine and heroin produced and exported from Colombia is transported through Central America and Mexico.

[Related: The Failing Battle Against Drug Production in Colombia]

While this presents challenges for all of Central America, the small nation of Belize has also been affected by recent narcotics and human trafficking trends. Belize is the only English-speaking nation in Central America and is in a vulnerable geographical location for both narcotics trafficking and human trafficking. Belize is a beautiful country and is making strides to counter the narcotics and human trafficking programs that plague the Central American region.

Belize is located with Mexico to its north, Honduras to its south, and Guatemala on its western border. A border dispute with Guatemala makes enforcement there difficult. Belize is also home to hundreds of uninhabited islands and cays along the Caribbean Sea, which can also present enforcement challenges.

Dr. Sadulski was invited to Belize by Galen University to participate in a March 1 speaking event on narcotics and human trafficking based on his extensive research on trafficking trends through Central America. Galen University, a leading institution in Belize, hosted the event and invited its criminal justice students and selected criminal justice practitioners from around the nation.

Guests included members of the Belize Defense Force, Belize Coast Guard, Belize Police Department, and Immigration officers. Guests also included the Galen University provost, Galen University professors and students. Officers from the Belize anti-narcotics unit, K-9 unit, Mobile

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