Although Lebanon prohibited the production of cannabis in 1926, the industry reached its peak during the country’s 1975-1990 civil war, where an estimated 2,000 tonnes a year was leaving by illegal ports on the coast.
After the civil war ended, Lebanon prohibited the cultivation of cannabis in 1992 under the pressure from the US. However, Cannabis’ farmers in Bekaa Valley and Baalbek areas (dominated by Hezbollah) have witnessed a second boom since the Syrian war started. They claim that trade has grown by 50% since 2012, as Lebanese authorities have turned their attention to border security.
According to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime’s report, Lebanon is the third largest exporter of cannabis resin in the world. Today, Cannabis’ clans bring in an estimated $175m-$200m a year illegally, exporting to the Gulf, Europe, Africa and North America.
In July 2018, Nabih Berri, Speaker of the Lebanese Parliament, announced that Parliament is …